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Objectives

The Division is pursuing interdisciplinary research on genetic improvement for salinity, sodicity and waterlogging tolerance in crop plants. Different experiments/projects are being taken up in the division for genetics, plant physiology, plant breeding, germplasm documentation, physiological characterization and molecular breeding through germplasm collection, conservation, evaluation and documentation for salt tolerance in rice, wheat, mustard, chcikpea, soybean and vegetables. The Division has developed several salt tolerance varieties of rice, wheat, mustard, chickpea, sesbania and dill. In addition, a number of genetic stocks have been registered with the NBPGR, New Delhi to be used by breeders and other scientists engaged in crop improvement for abiotic stresses world over. These studies have been extremely useful in improving the genetic makeup of different crops and their productivity in salt affected soils. The division has established extensive facilities for screening under salinity/sodicity/waterlogging in the form of controlled temperature glass house, microplots, transgenic glass house and net houses etc alongwith seed production farm. The Division has developed strong international and national linkages with different organizations/institutes and has successfully completed and currently involved in many foreign aided/ externally funded research projects on various research themes.


Research Achievements

  • A large number of germplasm of cereals, oilseeds, pulses, okra and tomato, medicinal crops and agro-forestry plants have been collected, screened and evaluated for salt tolerance
  • Eight salt tolerant varieties of rice (CSR 46 in 2014, CSR 43 in 2011, CSR 36 in 2005, CSR 23 in 2004, CSR 30 in 2001, CSR 13 and CSR 27 in 1998, and CSR 10 in 1989) have been developed through hybridization breeding approach and released
  • Four salt tolerant varieties of wheat (KRL 1-4 in 1990, KRL 19 in 2000, KRL 210 and KRL 213 in 2010) have been developed and released.
  • Four salt tolerant varieties of mustard (CS 52 in 1997, CS 54 in 2005, CS 56 in 2008 and CS 58 in 2017) have been developed through hybridization breeding approach and released.
  • Mustard genotypes CS 1100-1-2-2-3 has been registered at NBPGR as national genetic stock with salinity tolerance upto ECe 12 dSm-1 and alkalinity tolerance upto pH 9.4
  • One chickpea variety, Karnal Chana-1 have been released for salt affected soils
  • Rapid and reliable laboratory methods for screening of genotypes/germplasm for salt and waterlogging tolerance developed
  • In sesbania (Dhaincha), two genetic stocks CSD 137 and CSD 123 have been registered with NBPGR as salt tolerant genetic stocks.
  • Germplasm tolerance of rice to dual tolerance sodicity and zinc deficiency identified
  • In sesbania (Dhaincha), two genetic stocks CSD 137 and CSD 123 have been registered with NBPGR as salt tolerant genetic stocks.
  • A high seed yielding dill (CSS1) has been registered as unique sodicity tolerant germplasm with NBPGR, New Delhi during 2008.
  • RILs of Rice, Wheat, Mustard and Chickpea have been screened for salinity, alkalinity and waterlogging stress

Seed Production of Salt Tolerant Varieties

Breeder and labelled seeds of salt tolerant varieties are produced to meet the requirements of national and state organizations, and the farmers. In the previous year, breeder and truth labeled (TL) seed of salt tolerant varieties of rice (170 and 472 t), wheat (172 and 192 t), mustard (28 t) and chickpea (3.6 t), respectively was produced and distributed.


Collaborations and Linkages

  • ICAR-IRRI Collaborative Project on “Rice Germplasm Improvement for Salinity Soils
  • BMGF funded IRRI-CSSRI STRASA Project on “Stress tolerant rice for poor farmers of Africa and South Asia”
  • ICAR funded National project on transgenics in crops-salinity tolerance in rice: functional genomics.
  • Consortium research platform on Agrobiodiversity- Evaluation of Rice germplasm for salinity.
  • Contractual Research project on “Evaluation of Bayer Rice Hybrids under salinity stress”.
  • ICAR funded project on “Multilocation evaluation of wheat germplasm” through NBPGR
  • NFBSFARA (now NASF)-ICAR funded project on “Understanding the adaptation mechanism of wild forage halophytes in the extreme saline-sodic Kachchh plains for enhancing feed resources”
  • ICAR funded project under “Incentivizing Research in Agriculture” scheme on “Molecular genetic analysis of resistance/tolerance to different stresses in rice, wheat, chickpea and mustard including sheath blight complex genomics”.
  • NASF-ICAR funded project on “Potential gene mining from salt tolerant grasses for improvement of stress tolerance in crops”.
  • RKVY funded project on “Mineral Nutrient Diagnostic and Site Specific Nutrient Management Demonstrations to Improve Agricultural Productivity of Salt Affected Soils in Haryana”
  • RKVY funded project on “Phytoremediation Potential of Selected Halophytes for Salt Affected Lands of Haryana”.

 

 

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Weather on 23.10.2017 at CSSRI, Karnal
Temperature (°C)
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Min
32.6 15.8
RH (%) 
100
Wind Speed (km/hr)
0.3
Rainfall (mm) Nil
Evaporation (mm)
3.0

 

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